The Obtain: 2022’s greatest tales, and what’s subsequent for AI

That is right now’s version of The Obtain, our weekday publication that gives a each day dose of what’s occurring on this planet of know-how.

Our favourite tales of 2022

We wish to suppose we’ve had a fantastic yr right here at MIT Expertise Overview. Our tales have gained quite a few awards (this story from our journal gained Gold within the AAAS awards) and our investigations have helped make clear unjust insurance policies.

So this yr we requested our writers and editors to comb again by way of the previous 12 months and attempt to choose only one story that they beloved essentially the most—after which inform us why. That is what they stated.

What’s subsequent for AI

In 2022, AI obtained artistic. AI fashions can now produce remarkably convincing items of textual content, photos, and even movies, with just a bit prompting. It’s solely been 9 months since OpenAI set off the generative AI explosion with the launch of DALL-E 2, a deep-learning mannequin that may produce pictures from textual content directions. That was adopted by a breakthrough from Google and Meta: AIs that may produce movies from textual content. And it’s solely been just a few weeks since OpenAI launched ChatGPT, the most recent giant language mannequin to set the web ablaze with its stunning eloquence and coherence.

The tempo of innovation this yr has been outstanding—and at occasions overwhelming. Who might have seen it coming? And the way can we predict what’s subsequent?

Our in-house specialists Will Douglas Heaven and Melissa Heikkilä inform us the 4 greatest developments they count on to form the AI panorama in 2023. Learn the complete story

Mind stimulation is likely to be extra invasive than we expect

Right this moment, there are many neurotechnologies that may learn what’s occurring in our brains, modify the way in which they perform, and alter the wiring. Deep mind stimulation, for instance, includes implanting electrodes deep into the mind to stimulate neurons and management the way in which mind areas fireplace. It’s thought of fairly invasive, within the medical sense.

Different remedies, resembling transcranial magnetic stimulation, which includes passing a tool formed like a determine 8 over an individual’s head to ship a magnetic pulse to elements of the mind and to intrude with its exercise, are thought of “noninvasive” as a result of they act from outdoors the mind. But when we are able to attain into an individual’s thoughts, even with out piercing the cranium, how noninvasive is the know-how actually? Learn the complete story.

—Jessica Hamzelou

Jessica’s story is from The Checkup, her weekly publication masking every thing value figuring out in biotech. Signal as much as obtain it in your inbox each Thursday.

Podcast: the way forward for farming lies in house

AI is utilized in agriculture to exactly goal weeds and optimize irrigation practices. It’s additionally being utilized in methods you may not count on, like for monitoring the well being of cow pastures—from house. We journey from take a look at farms to orchards within the first of a two-part sequence on agriculture, AI, and satellites.

Pay attention on Apple Podcasts or wherever you usually get your podcasts.

The must-reads

I’ve combed the web to search out you right now’s most enjoyable/vital/scary/fascinating tales about know-how.

1 Sam Bankman-Fried has been launched on $250 million bail
He’s going through dwelling detention whereas he awaits trial. (BBC)
+ It’s one of many largest bails in US historical past. (Bloomberg $)
+ Crypto Twitter just isn’t impressed by his soft situations. (CoinTelegraph)

2 A extreme storm is forcing US airways to cancel flights
+ Disrupting Christmas journey left, proper, and heart. (WSJ $)
+ It’s resulting from sweep throughout many of the US and into Canada. (Wired $)

3 We don’t know the way efficient nasal covid vaccines are
And since we’re not amassing the correct of information, we could by no means know. (The Atlantic $)
+ Two inhaled covid vaccines have been permitted—however we don’t know but how good they’re. (MIT Expertise Overview)
+ Life expectancy within the US has fallen once more. (Axios)

4 Twitter is beginning to present how many individuals have seen your tweets
It’s yet one more of Elon Musk’s wheezes. (TechCrunch)
+ Twitter appears prefer it’s crumbling proper now. (The Atlantic $)
+ We’re witnessing the mind demise of Twitter. (MIT Expertise Overview)

5 ByteDance has been monitoring journalists 
Its workers improperly gained entry to their IP addresses to try to work out in the event that they’d crossed paths with ByteDance employees. (Forbes)
+ In spite of everything that, the corporate failed to search out any leaks. (FT $)
+ TikTok is desperately making an attempt to curry favor within the US. (Reuters)

6 NFTs are at a crossroads
Their worth has plummeted, however evangelists are refusing to surrender. (Wired $)
Among the crypto trustworthy are attempting to take their losses on the chin. (Vice)

7 Immigrant tech employees who’ve been laid off are caught in limbo
Shedding their jobs means their households are additionally unable to work, leaving many with no alternative however to depart the US. (The Guardian)
+ For this startup founder, his enterprise going bust got here as a little bit of a aid. (The Info $)

8 This has been a landmark yr for EVs 
They’re not simply synonymous with Tesla any extra. (Vox)
+ Why EVs gained’t substitute hybrid automobiles anytime quickly. (MIT Expertise Overview)

9 Japan’s house company is sending a toy-like rover to the moon
The lovable ball is designed by widespread toymaker Tomy. (New Yorker $)
+ The Perseverance rover has dropped off its first pattern tube. (The Register)

10 We’re dwelling by way of the primary ever BeReal Christmas ⚠
Sadly, originality is vanishingly uncommon. (Vice)

Quote of the day

“Towards all odds, and doom and gloom situations, Ukraine didn’t fall. Ukraine is alive and kicking.” 

—Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky thanks the US Congress for its monetary help of Ukraine and its folks 10 months after Russia invaded, CNN studies.

The large story

Startups are racing to breed breast milk within the lab

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December 2020

Like many moms, Leila Strickland discovered breastfeeding tough. She struggled to feed her son, and three years later, her daughter, and spent all day, on daily basis, nursing or pumping to stimulate her milk stream.

Strickland, a professor of vascular physiology at Maastricht College within the Netherlands, started eager about how she would possibly be capable of use a course of like that pioneered by Dutch meals know-how firm Mosa Meat to create synthetic beef, however for cells that produce breast milk.

For years she struggled to maintain the mission funded, and he or she got here near abandoning the thought. However in Might 2020, Biomilq, an organization she had based, obtained $3.5 million from a bunch of traders led by Invoice Gates. Biomilq is now in a race with opponents to shake up the world of toddler diet in a manner not seen because the delivery of the now $42 billion formulation trade. Learn the complete story.

—Haley Cohen Gilliland

We will nonetheless have good issues

A spot for consolation, enjoyable and distraction in these bizarre occasions. (Bought any concepts? Drop me a line or tweet ’em at me.)

+ I have to admit, I hadn’t heard of flirting with onion emojis till now. 🧅
+ Even millennials are beginning to discover millennials cringe.
+ An intrepid information to all Netflix’s tacky festive motion pictures—watch at your peril. 
+ This chef is bravely reimagining the Italian Christmas basic panettone, with slightly Silician aptitude.
+ The right way to make new yr’s resolutions you’ll truly stick with.

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